If you've landed on this blog by mistake, please follow this link:


www.Oregon.PreppersNetwork.com

Please update your bookmarks and the links on your sites.



Join our forum at:


Thursday, December 30, 2010

Wheat fields dying in NE OR

Post by imtnt1

We saw this report in our local paper about 30-40K acres of wheat dying from something they haven't identified yet and "haven't seen before". It's in Morrow & Umatilla counties. FYI. May be a rust? I don't know, but scary nonetheless on two counts: a) there's an awful lot of the ag economy in Oregon & Washington in wheat, and b) exactly what is it and is it spreading?

Thought I'd pass the head's up along, as it sure perked my interest being a prepper and all, plus the cost of commodities already going up.

I'd be really interested in any info anyone can add. Haven't had a chance to get home and rub elbows with any of the wheat ranchers to hear the scuttlebutt yet.

 http://www.tri-cityherald.com/2010/12/03/1277792/wheat-fields-dying-in-umatilla.html

To comment to this post, follow this link:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=444&t=7224

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Saturday, December 25, 2010

Sing the health praises of parsley and sage

Those of us who go back a few years likely remember the line about parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme in the huge Simon and Garfunkel hit song about two ill-fated lovers, "Are You Going to Scarborough Fair". Many have speculated that the reference to the four popular herbs was due to their use in Medieval Europe to help cleanse the air and ward off the infamous black plague. Others have thought that the reference to the four herbs was because the combination may have been used as a love potion. Whatever the reason for their inclusion in the popular song, the many health benefits of parsley and sage are worth loving and singing praises about in their own rights.

PARSLEY

Parsley is an amazing medicinal herb with a world of health benefits. The root contains calcium, B-complex vitamins, and iron, which nourish the glands that help regulate the uptake of calcium. It is a source of magnesium, calcium, potassium, vitamin A, beta-carotene, vitamin C and vitamin K.

Among the many benefits reported for parsley are:

*It is a diuretic which helps the body produce more urine to keep the urinary system operating smoothly and which helps prevent problems such as kidney stones and bladder infections.

*It is wonderful for removing toxins from the body, such as heavy metals.

*It is an effective breath freshener. It is believed that the practice of including parsley on a dinner plate began due to its breath freshening abilities and not merely for its decorative effect.

*The root and leaves are good for the liver and spleen.

*It helps relieve bloating during menstruation.

*It provides relief for edema, often helping when other remedies have failed

*Parsley root and seeds help relax stiff joints, often making stiff and unmanageable fingers work again.

*It helps remove gallstones when used properly by taking a pint of the tea daily.

*It is beneficial for the adrenal glands.

*It is a powerful therapeutic aid for the optic nerves, brain and sympathetic nervous system.

*Parsley juice is an excellent tonic for the blood vessels.

Note: It is best to avoid large amounts of parsley if you are pregnant, especially the use of the volatile essential oil.

SAGE

Like rosemary, its sister herb in the mint (Labiatae) family, sage contains a variety of volatile oils, flavonoids and phenolic acids, including rosmarinic acid. The oils found in sage are both antiseptic and antibiotic, helping it fight infections.

Besides the antioxidant and other properties shared with Rosemary, sage`s other health benefits include:

*It is effective for symptoms of menopause, night sweats and hot flashes because of its estrogenic action and because its tannins help dry up perspiration.

*Sage helps provide better brain function and has been used in the treatment of cerebrovascular disease for over a thousand years. It helps provide better recall and research has suggested that it may be an effective option to help treat Alzheimer`s.

*There`s also compelling evidence that sage may be of value to people with diabetes for whom the hormone insulin does not work as efficiently as it should. Lab studies indicate that sage may boost insulin`s action.

* The ability of sage to protect oils from oxidation has also led some companies to experiment with sage as a natural antioxidant additive for cooking oils that can extend shelf life and help avoid rancidity.

In an upcoming article, we will also sing the praises of the other two herbs mentioned in the popular song - rosemary and thyme.

Sources included:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scarbo...
http://www.healthy-holistic-living....
http://www.greenmuze.com/blogs/natu...
http://www.buzzle.com/articles/pars...

About the author

Tony Isaacs, is a natural health author, advocate and researcher who hosts The Best Years in Life website for baby boomers and others wishing to avoid prescription drugs and mainstream managed illness and live longer, healthier and happier lives naturally. Mr. Isaacs is the author of books and articles about natural health, longevity and beating cancer including "Cancer's Natural Enemy" and is working on a major book project due to be published later this year.
Mr. Isaacs is currently residing in scenic East Texas and frequently commutes to the even more scenic Texas hill country near San Antonio and Austin to give lectures in health seminars. He also hosts the CureZone "Ask Tony Isaacs - featuring Luella May" forum as well as the Yahoo Health Group "Oleander Soup" and he serves as a consultant to the "Utopia Silver Supplement Company".

Learn more: http://www.naturalnews.com/030824_parsley_sage.html#ixzz199MCeUCU


------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Tuesday, December 14, 2010

Free Sandbags for Flooding in Portland (Oregon)

by Jenny » Sat Dec 11, 2010 4:33 pm

We're getting heavy rain in the Portland area today and they're predicting more flooding. If you want to protect your property with sandbags, the City of Portland has several sand piles set up. Both sand and bags are free. I'm not sure if this is only available to residents of Portland or if those of us in suburban communities can use them too.

Here's a link. The locations of the free sand piles are down at the bottom.

http://www.oregonlive.com/weather/index.ssf/2010/12/heavy_rain_all_day_let_us_know.html

To reply to this post follow the link below:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=106&t=6577


------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

How Long?

A response by member Elona to an original post by Detentus

I became aware of the word prepping about a year ago and started in earnest then. I never cared for the term survivalist and did not see myself in that term. I've been into being prepared in some way or another for years. I've home canned for years, crocheted, and "put things by." I don't like being beholden to others for my existence and I don't care to live by rules imposed by others to get help from them.

I got serious about things about 4 years ago when I had no power for 4 days during an ice storm. That didn't include long term food storage at that time but more being ready for bad weather events. Most of the town was driven out into the national guard armory. I stayed home with my kerosene heater, my gas stove (still worked lighting it with matches) and plenty of candles, a couple of crank flashlights, and a battery operated radio and books for entertainment.

To respond and read original post follow the link below:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=205&t=6664&sid=b9a7750f8

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Saturday, November 27, 2010

Oregon Preppers Roll Call

The Oregon Preppers Network is conducting a Roll Call on our forum.  If you are a prepper please check in.

* Here is a link to the Roll Call:
http://americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=443&t=6181



You have to be registered to check in.  If you aren't registered please join here:
http://americanpreppersnetwork.net/ucp.php?mode=register


* If you are a HAM Radio Operator check in here:
http://americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=143&t=6219


* If you are an A.N.T.S. member please check in here:
http://americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=618&t=6220

Wednesday, October 6, 2010

Welcome Our New Members From Oregon

New members:

willowlady1

Just joined the forum. I live in Oregon, and have been a prepper for many years. Hobbies: Play piano, violin, organ. Love to walk and be outdoors. Gardening (not really a hobby, but it's so much fun I have to class it as such), fishing, camping, reading. Looking forward to a long and good relationship here.

To welcome our new member click on the link below:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=563&t=184&sid=efce39

ajsmith

I hope I'm doing this right and in the right place!! I just found this site while doing research on being a preper. I've always been in that frame of mind but now I think it's past time to act!!! Look forward to all your help and hopefully I can help others.

To welcome our new member click on the link below:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=563&t=5907&sid=d7dd

remadl700

hello!

We are in Oregon with 5 in my family. Me the prepper, my wife the unconverted, the oldest daughter that thinks I am wierd and sides with her mom, the middle daughter that would jump off a cliff with me and the 1 year old who pop's smoke when she needs a diaper change. I still have chance with her :D

I not listing supplies .....but were good for 4-6 months if the ammo holds out. My next door neighbor is a confirmed Zombie Killer and full on quack job but he is very helpful and has the training.

even though we are in the so called "country" it ain't far enough from Salem, 8 miles. If TSHTF I am concerned that we will need to BO within a couple of days. The problem is where and getting there. Fortunatly we have horses but I can just barely stand them.

anyway just checking in.

To welcome our new member click on the link below:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=563&t=184&sid=91afa8

gettingthere

FNG here, 33 yr. old male with dog, long time outdoorsman, we first took interest in serious prepping a couple of years ago. I work in the financial investment world & have a degree in history. The combination of the two combined with the last 15-20 years worth of economic/geopolitical events has me fairly nervous as I try to guage the outcome of current events. I've got my bug-in setup fairly well completed, however, it confines be to a suburb on the outskirts of a 300k person city. Next step is to either aquire a bug-out retreat or affiliate with a group having one already in place...

I have loads of questions. But, I suppose my introductory post is not the place.

Thanks for reading, take care and have a great day!

To welcome our new member click on the link below:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=563&t=5726&p=54


Jenny

Wanted to say hi to the other folks in Oregon. My name's Jenny and I'm from West Linn (a little south of Portland). Just getting started with prepping. For the moment I'm mainly concerned with disaster preparedness, specifically for winter storms (like the ice storms we've had in recent years) and earthquakes.

To welcome our new member click on the link below:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=563&t=5130

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Monday, October 4, 2010

Survival Soapmaking: A Two-Ingredient Recipe

Hre's how to make a mild and very usable hand soap that only uses two ingredients. Learn how to make your own, with instructions from professional soapmaker, Karla Moore, of Heart of Iowa Soapworks
------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Wednesday, September 29, 2010

A Site To Behold

by: gman

Could you be fed up with the rhetoric you find on the daily news?

How do you feel about "We the People" and what little this seems to mean to most of our elected officials these days?

Do you ever wonder how you can get your point across?

Are you trying to be as self reliant as possible but sometimes could use a little advice?

Have you ever wondered what you would do if a natural or man made disaster hit your area?

Wouldn't you like to have the combined knowledge of thousands of true patriotic Americans to draw from, from all aspects of life, patriots just like you?

Hang on to something and click that link below. You are about to enter a very awesome world of like minded people, people just like you.

Welcome to the forum:
www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net


Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Wednesday, September 15, 2010

How To Join The Oregon Preppers Network

Come learn survival, preparedness and sustainable living with us!

The Preppers networks are all about volunteering our knowledge and skills with each other. We share ideas, tips and basically network with each other to survive any type of disaster whether natural, man made, or economic. Information that you learn and share with others will help everyone learn how to find "Freedom Through Teaching Others Self Reliance."

Joining the Oregon Preppers Network is simple, and most of all, it's Free! To join, just follow these few steps.

1) Register to become a member of the American Preppers Network www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net The registration page is here: http://americanpreppersnetwork.net/ucp.php?mode=register


2) Once you have your account, go to the index page of the forum and do your first post by introducing yourself in the new members area. http://americanpreppersnetwork.net/index.php


3) Once you know how to do posts, visit the Oregon forum and introduce yourself. The Oregon forum can be found by scrolling to the lower section of the index page where you will find a list of states, or you can go directly by following this URL: www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

4) After you've visited the Oregon forum, follow this link to learn how to join the Oregon Preppers Network group:
http://americanpreppersnetwork.net/viewtopic.php?f=564&t=2738


APN's success depends on your contributions. If you would like to donate to our organization by becoming a Gold Member you can join the APN Gold Members club by following this link:
http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/page.php?p=apn-gold-membership&sid=5b241e92a767cdfbe7a345c54dd55127
Gold Membership is only $5 per month. For a list of Gold Member benefits go here

Thank you for your support!

Tuesday, August 3, 2010

Oregon Preppers Network: SurvivalCommonSense weekly update

Oregon Preppers Network: SurvivalCommonSense weekly update




------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

SurvivalCommonSense weekly update

Sign up for the SurvivalCommonSense.com weekly email update by clicking on the email link on the front page!

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Wednesday, July 28, 2010

SurvivalCommonSense on the Doctor Prepper Show

Monday night, July 26, Leon was interviewed on James T. Stevens' "Doctor Prepper" show on BlogTalk Radio. Here is the hour-long interview, as Leon and the good doctor discuss survival gear you should carry on your person.

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Friday, July 23, 2010

Seven Survival Knots You Should Know

A vital survival tool is the knowledge of how to tie knots. The videos here from "The Art of Manliness" give good, practical instruction on what could prove to be an incredibly important skill.

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Saturday, July 17, 2010

Firestarter Review from Bug-Out Survival

Regardless if you’re a survivalist, prepper, or just a well-prepared backpacker; or if you are making a wilderness survival kit, a bug-out bag, a set of Ten Essentials or a pocket kit for urban survival; you need a reliable method of firemaking.

The ignition source can be anything, as long as a flame is produced. But I also encourage everyone to carry some form of lightweight, highly flammable firestarter.

In this post, Scott B. Williams, author of Bug-Out Survival, reviews SurvivalCommonSense firestarter. Check out his findings, and learn how you can get a free sample.



------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Survival Knife Review: The Moro

You can spend as much as you want to on a survival knife, but that doesn't mean it is the best choice! Consider the inexpensive Frost Moro as a spare, or as a component of a survival kit or cache. After extensive testing, here's a review of this interesting survival tool.

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Wednesday, July 7, 2010

Choosing a Magnetic Compass

What does an outdoorsman/survivalist/prepper need in a basic, magnetic compass? Land and sea navigation expert Blake Miller helps you make a good choice!

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Tuesday, July 6, 2010

How to Cook Easy Foil Wrap Fish Over a Campfire

Being prepared includes a plan for preparing food using minimal impliments and whatever source of heat is available. An easy way to cook small fish in the outdoors is by using aluminum foil and a campfire. There is virtually no mess, little preparation is needed and the results can be delicious! Here is how you do it.

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Wednesday, June 30, 2010

Easy Homemade Energy Bars Recipe

The idea behind including high-calorie snacks in your survival gear is to get a quick energy boost. But some of the commercial energy bar products taste downright institutional! Here's a quick, tasty whole-grain energy bar recipe.
------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Sunday, June 27, 2010

Free Firestarter for Your Survival Kit

I want to help you start, or add to, your pocket-sized survival kit AND add some folks to my soon-to-be unveiled weekly survivalcommonsense.com newsletter. Just contact me via email, and leave me an email address to add to my list. (NO emails will ever be sold or passed on to anyone. I promise!) I'll send you, absolutely free, a wallet-sized piece of survivalcommonsense firestarter. Carry this firestarter in your wallet, and forget about it. At some point, if you really need some survival firestarter, you'll have it and be glad to have been prepared!

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Friday, June 25, 2010

Free Survival Kit Firestarter Photo Contest

I want to help you put some reliable, easy-to-carry firestarter in your survival kit. Here's all you have to do: follow this link and take a guess at where the photo was taken. Come close, and you'll be a winner. (And you don't have to come all that close!)

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Wednesday, June 23, 2010

Three Maps You Should Have in Your Bug Out Bag

If you just stuck a state highway map in your bug out bag and let it go at that, you could be in trouble later on. Here's three maps you should have along to make sure you don't get lost and that you stay found.

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Tuesday, June 22, 2010

Healthy Bannock: A Multi-Grain Survival Food

It only takes the addition of a few natural ingredients to convert the traditional bannock pioneer ration into a turbo-charged survival food. Here's how to make all your flour-based survival recipes more healthy!

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Monday, June 21, 2010

Peter Kummerfeldt:Tips for Finding Water in the Desert

Always take lots of water along when you go into arid regions. But it's also a good idea to know where to look for water if an emergency developes. Here are some tips on where to find water in the desert from survival expert Peter Kummerfeldt.

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Friday, June 18, 2010

Add a Cheap, Reliable Firemaking System to Your Survival Kits

In some survival items, you can get much more than what you pay for. The simple, cheap combination of cotton balls and petroleum jelly explained in this post is one of the most effective survival firemaking methods available. Learn how to make a firemaking kit for pennies!

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Dryer Lint as an Emergency Firestarter? No Way!

Dryer lint may be flammable, free and easy to carry. But should you rely on it for your emergency firestarter? I don't think dryer lint is a safe choice and here's why.

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Tuesday, June 15, 2010

Include Simple Flour Recipes With Your Survival Gear

It's one thing to have food staples, but another to be able to consume them. What happens if you end up in a survival situation with nothing but flour, water, a campfire and hungry children?
Here are some easy bread recipes to help you make the best of the circumstances!
------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Saturday, June 12, 2010

Ten Gifts for Dad's Survival Kit on Fathers Day

My most cherished Fathers Day gifts have been handmade by my kids. But suppose you also want to give Dad something he can enjoy and use in his survival gear? Here's some suggestions.
------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Friday, June 4, 2010

Five Top Survival Psychology Books

Survival is mostly psychological. If you develop the will to survive (called by some a "survival mindset") you can get through most crises. If you don't have that attitude, no amount of gear or preparations will help you. These suggested psych books can help you develope that fundamental basis of all survival training.

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Thursday, June 3, 2010

Bug Out: The Complete Plan For Escaping a Catastrophic Disaster Before It's Too Late

The evacuation sirens sound, and you have 15 minutes to leave the area. Where will you go, and what will you take with you? Hopefully, you'll have a plan. But if you don't, the new book "Bug Out" will give you the information to get started. Read this review for some survival common sense tips!------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Friday, May 28, 2010

Make a Common Sense Urban/Wilderness Survival Kit

Common sense should be a critical part of any wilderness and/or urban survival kit. Gear won't save you if you don't know how to use it! Here's some thoughts on how to choose the best items for your personal survival needs.------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Survival Food: Make Small Game Jerky

An under-used resource is small game meat, and here's how you can make tasty jerky out of rabbits, squirrels, ducks, geese and other animals. The technique is simple, and small game jerky is a great, long-lasting survival ration!

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Tuesday, May 4, 2010

Survival Kits You Should Always Carry!

Carry survival gear on your person to assure that you will have what you need in the event of an emergency. These lightweight, easy-to-carry items could make the difference between surviving a bad situation or the alternative!-----------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Use Trash as Part of Your Survival Kit?

One person's trash may be another's survival tool. Look around you to find those discarded items that might make the difference in a survival situation.------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Healthy Hudson Bay Bread

This easy-to-make recipe results in a hearty, healthy survival ration. Hudson Bay Bread is chock-full of nutrition and vitamins, and it tastes good, too!------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at http://www.americanpreppersnetwork.net/
Visit the Oregon Forum at http://www.oregonpreppersnetwork.net/

Include Homemade Energy Bar Recipes in Your Survival Kit

------------------------------------------
Join the APN Forum at www.AmericanPreppersNetwork.net
Visit the Oregon Forum at www.OregonPreppersNetwork.net

Foil Wrap Food: Tasty Fuel for Survival

Learning how to cook with aluminum foil over a campfire or in coals can be a very useful survival skill. It's quick, easy and requires virtually no other cooking impliments

Hardtack: A Great, Cheap Addition to Your Survival Gear

A great way to use up surplus flour, and make a great, traditional survival food is to bake hardtack. It is longlasting, and if you're hungry enough, tasty! But it is so simple and easy to make, that is should be considered for any survival pantry

Saturday, February 27, 2010

Tsunami advisory posted for Oregon and California coastline

APN Thanks Readymom from our forum for giving us the heads up on this:

http://www.sanluisobispo.com/2010/02/27 ... ornia.html

The San Luis Obispo County coastline is under a tsunami advisory, as is the entire California coast, as a result of a giant earthquake tha struck offshore of Chile early today. At least 122 people have been confirmed dead in early counts.

People were advised to stay away from California beaches as a precaution.

Senior chief Kirk McKay of the U.S. Coast Guard station in Morro Bay said that people should not venture onto beaches or marinas. "An advisory is to keep people away from beaches and marinas because there could be strong surges," he said.

An advisory means a tsunami is possible. Forecasters said there may be strong currents, but did not expect widespread inundation or damage to occur. (Continued ...)

More information:

West coast of U.S., Canada in tsunami advisory
http://www.ajc.com/news/nation-world/we ... 33818.html

An advisory has been issued for Oregon, as well


Sponsored By

Wednesday, January 20, 2010

The Constitution of the United States

The Constitution of the United States

Preamble Note

We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America.


Article I - The Legislative Branch Note

Section 1 - The Legislature

All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.

Section 2 - The House

The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.

No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.

(Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.) (The previous sentence in parentheses was modified by the 14th Amendment, section 2.) The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five and Georgia three.

When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.

The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.

Section 3 - The Senate

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, (chosen by the Legislature thereof,) (The preceding words in parentheses superseded by 17th Amendment, section 1.) for six Years; and each Senator shall have one Vote.

Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth Year, so that one third may be chosen every second Year; (and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill such Vacancies.) (The preceding words in parentheses were superseded by the 17th Amendment, section 2.)

No person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.

The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.

The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the Office of President of the United States.

The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirds of the Members present.

Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.

Section 4 - Elections, Meetings

The Times, Places and Manner of holding Elections for Senators and Representatives, shall be prescribed in each State by the Legislature thereof; but the Congress may at any time by Law make or alter such Regulations, except as to the Place of Chusing Senators.

The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall (be on the first Monday in December,) (The preceding words in parentheses were superseded by the 20th Amendment, section 2.) unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.

Section 5 - Membership, Rules, Journals, Adjournment

Each House shall be the Judge of the Elections, Returns and Qualifications of its own Members, and a Majority of each shall constitute a Quorum to do Business; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the Attendance of absent Members, in such Manner, and under such Penalties as each House may provide.

Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behavior, and, with the Concurrence of two-thirds, expel a Member.

Each House shall keep a Journal of its Proceedings, and from time to time publish the same, excepting such Parts as may in their Judgment require Secrecy; and the Yeas and Nays of the Members of either House on any question shall, at the Desire of one fifth of those Present, be entered on the Journal.

Neither House, during the Session of Congress, shall, without the Consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other Place than that in which the two Houses shall be sitting.

Section 6 - Compensation

(The Senators and Representatives shall receive a Compensation for their Services, to be ascertained by Law, and paid out of the Treasury of the United States.) (The preceding words in parentheses were modified by the 27th Amendment.) They shall in all Cases, except Treason, Felony and Breach of the Peace, be privileged from Arrest during their Attendance at the Session of their respective Houses, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any Speech or Debate in either House, they shall not be questioned in any other Place.

No Senator or Representative shall, during the Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States which shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been increased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.

Section 7 - Revenue Bills, Legislative Process, Presidential Veto

All bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.

Every Bill which shall have passed the House of Representatives and the Senate, shall, before it become a Law, be presented to the President of the United States; If he approve he shall sign it, but if not he shall return it, with his Objections to that House in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the Objections at large on their Journal, and proceed to reconsider it. If after such Reconsideration two thirds of that House shall agree to pass the Bill, it shall be sent, together with the Objections, to the other House, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of that House, it shall become a Law. But in all such Cases the Votes of both Houses shall be determined by Yeas and Nays, and the Names of the Persons voting for and against the Bill shall be entered on the Journal of each House respectively. If any Bill shall not be returned by the President within ten Days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the Same shall be a Law, in like Manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their Adjournment prevent its Return, in which Case it shall not be a Law.

Every Order, Resolution, or Vote to which the Concurrence of the Senate and House of Representatives may be necessary (except on a question of Adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States; and before the Same shall take Effect, shall be approved by him, or being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by two thirds of the Senate and House of Representatives, according to the Rules and Limitations prescribed in the Case of a Bill.

Section 8 - Powers of Congress

The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform throughout the United States;

To borrow money on the credit of the United States;

To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States, and with the Indian Tribes;

To establish an uniform Rule of Naturalization, and uniform Laws on the subject of Bankruptcies throughout the United States;

To coin Money, regulate the Value thereof, and of foreign Coin, and fix the Standard of Weights and Measures;

To provide for the Punishment of counterfeiting the Securities and current Coin of the United States;

To establish Post Offices and Post Roads;

To promote the Progress of Science and useful Arts, by securing for limited Times to Authors and Inventors the exclusive Right to their respective Writings and Discoveries;

To constitute Tribunals inferior to the supreme Court;

To define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offenses against the Law of Nations;

To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;

To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;

To provide and maintain a Navy;

To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;

To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress;

To exercise exclusive Legislation in all Cases whatsoever, over such District (not exceeding ten Miles square) as may, by Cession of particular States, and the acceptance of Congress, become the Seat of the Government of the United States, and to exercise like Authority over all Places purchased by the Consent of the Legislature of the State in which the Same shall be, for the Erection of Forts, Magazines, Arsenals, dock-Yards, and other needful Buildings; And

To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.

Section 9 - Limits on Congress

The Migration or Importation of such Persons as any of the States now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the Year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such Importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each Person.

The privilege of the Writ of Habeas Corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in Cases of Rebellion or Invasion the public Safety may require it.

No Bill of Attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.

(No capitation, or other direct, Tax shall be laid, unless in Proportion to the Census or Enumeration herein before directed to be taken.) (Section in parentheses clarified by the 16th Amendment.)

No Tax or Duty shall be laid on Articles exported from any State.

No Preference shall be given by any Regulation of Commerce or Revenue to the Ports of one State over those of another: nor shall Vessels bound to, or from, one State, be obliged to enter, clear, or pay Duties in another.

No Money shall be drawn from the Treasury, but in Consequence of Appropriations made by Law; and a regular Statement and Account of the Receipts and Expenditures of all public Money shall be published from time to time.

No Title of Nobility shall be granted by the United States: And no Person holding any Office of Profit or Trust under them, shall, without the Consent of the Congress, accept of any present, Emolument, Office, or Title, of any kind whatever, from any King, Prince or foreign State.

Section 10 - Powers prohibited of States

No State shall enter into any Treaty, Alliance, or Confederation; grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal; coin Money; emit Bills of Credit; make any Thing but gold and silver Coin a Tender in Payment of Debts; pass any Bill of Attainder, ex post facto Law, or Law impairing the Obligation of Contracts, or grant any Title of Nobility.

No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.

No State shall, without the Consent of Congress, lay any duty of Tonnage, keep Troops, or Ships of War in time of Peace, enter into any Agreement or Compact with another State, or with a foreign Power, or engage in War, unless actually invaded, or in such imminent Danger as will not admit of delay.


Article II - The Executive Branch Note

Section 1 - The President Note1 Note2

The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his Office during the Term of four Years, and, together with the Vice-President chosen for the same Term, be elected, as follows:

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress: but no Senator or Representative, or Person holding an Office of Trust or Profit under the United States, shall be appointed an Elector.

(The Electors shall meet in their respective States, and vote by Ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not lie an Inhabitant of the same State with themselves. And they shall make a List of all the Persons voted for, and of the Number of Votes for each; which List they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the Seat of the Government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate. The President of the Senate shall, in the Presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the Certificates, and the Votes shall then be counted. The Person having the greatest Number of Votes shall be the President, if such Number be a Majority of the whole Number of Electors appointed; and if there be more than one who have such Majority, and have an equal Number of Votes, then the House of Representatives shall immediately chuse by Ballot one of them for President; and if no Person have a Majority, then from the five highest on the List the said House shall in like Manner chuse the President. But in chusing the President, the Votes shall be taken by States, the Representation from each State having one Vote; a quorum for this Purpose shall consist of a Member or Members from two-thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice-President.) (This clause in parentheses was superseded by the 12th Amendment.)

The Congress may determine the Time of chusing the Electors, and the Day on which they shall give their Votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

No person except a natural born Citizen, or a Citizen of the United States, at the time of the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be eligible to the Office of President; neither shall any Person be eligible to that Office who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty-five Years, and been fourteen Years a Resident within the United States.

(In Case of the Removal of the President from Office, or of his Death, Resignation, or Inability to discharge the Powers and Duties of the said Office, the same shall devolve on the Vice President, and the Congress may by Law provide for the Case of Removal, Death, Resignation or Inability, both of the President and Vice President, declaring what Officer shall then act as President, and such Officer shall act accordingly, until the Disability be removed, or a President shall be elected.) (This clause in parentheses has been modified by the 20th and 25th Amendments.)

The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be increased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them.

Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:

"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my Ability, preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States."

Section 2 - Civilian Power over Military, Cabinet, Pardon Power, Appointments

The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States; he may require the Opinion, in writing, of the principal Officer in each of the executive Departments, upon any subject relating to the Duties of their respective Offices, and he shall have Power to Grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offenses against the United States, except in Cases of Impeachment.

He shall have Power, by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, to make Treaties, provided two thirds of the Senators present concur; and he shall nominate, and by and with the Advice and Consent of the Senate, shall appoint Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, Judges of the supreme Court, and all other Officers of the United States, whose Appointments are not herein otherwise provided for, and which shall be established by Law: but the Congress may by Law vest the Appointment of such inferior Officers, as they think proper, in the President alone, in the Courts of Law, or in the Heads of Departments.

The President shall have Power to fill up all Vacancies that may happen during the Recess of the Senate, by granting Commissions which shall expire at the End of their next Session.

Section 3 - State of the Union, Convening Congress

He shall from time to time give to the Congress Information of the State of the Union, and recommend to their Consideration such Measures as he shall judge necessary and expedient; he may, on extraordinary Occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them, and in Case of Disagreement between them, with Respect to the Time of Adjournment, he may adjourn them to such Time as he shall think proper; he shall receive Ambassadors and other public Ministers; he shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed, and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.

Section 4 - Disqualification

The President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.


Article III - The Judicial Branch Note

Section 1 - Judicial powers

The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish. The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behavior, and shall, at stated Times, receive for their Services a Compensation which shall not be diminished during their Continuance in Office.

Section 2 - Trial by Jury, Original Jurisdiction, Jury Trials

(The judicial Power shall extend to all Cases, in Law and Equity, arising under this Constitution, the Laws of the United States, and Treaties made, or which shall be made, under their Authority; to all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls; to all Cases of admiralty and maritime Jurisdiction; to Controversies to which the United States shall be a Party; to Controversies between two or more States; between a State and Citizens of another State; between Citizens of different States; between Citizens of the same State claiming Lands under Grants of different States, and between a State, or the Citizens thereof, and foreign States, Citizens or Subjects.) (This section in parentheses is modified by the 11th Amendment.)

In all Cases affecting Ambassadors, other public Ministers and Consuls, and those in which a State shall be Party, the supreme Court shall have original Jurisdiction. In all the other Cases before mentioned, the supreme Court shall have appellate Jurisdiction, both as to Law and Fact, with such Exceptions, and under such Regulations as the Congress shall make.

The Trial of all Crimes, except in Cases of Impeachment, shall be by Jury; and such Trial shall be held in the State where the said Crimes shall have been committed; but when not committed within any State, the Trial shall be at such Place or Places as the Congress may by Law have directed.

Section 3 - Treason Note

Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court.

The Congress shall have power to declare the Punishment of Treason, but no Attainder of Treason shall work Corruption of Blood, or Forfeiture except during the Life of the Person attainted.


Article IV - The States

Section 1 - Each State to Honor all others

Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.

Section 2 - State citizens, Extradition

The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.

A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.

(No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, But shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.) (This clause in parentheses is superseded by the 13th Amendment.)

Section 3 - New States

New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new States shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.

The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.

Section 4 - Republican government

The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.


Article V - Amendment Note1 - Note2 - Note3

The Congress, whenever two thirds of both Houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose Amendments to this Constitution, or, on the Application of the Legislatures of two thirds of the several States, shall call a Convention for proposing Amendments, which, in either Case, shall be valid to all Intents and Purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the Legislatures of three fourths of the several States, or by Conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other Mode of Ratification may be proposed by the Congress; Provided that no Amendment which may be made prior to the Year One thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any Manner affect the first and fourth Clauses in the Ninth Section of the first Article; and that no State, without its Consent, shall be deprived of its equal Suffrage in the Senate.


Article VI - Debts, Supremacy, Oaths

All Debts contracted and Engagements entered into, before the Adoption of this Constitution, shall be as valid against the United States under this Constitution, as under the Confederation.

This Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties made, or which shall be made, under the Authority of the United States, shall be the supreme Law of the Land; and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby, any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the Contrary notwithstanding.

The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious Test shall ever be required as a Qualification to any Office or public Trust under the United States.


Article VII - Ratification Documents

The Ratification of the Conventions of nine States, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same.


Done in Convention by the Unanimous Consent of the States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and Eighty seven and of the Independence of the United States of America the Twelfth. In Witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names. Note

Go Washington - President and deputy from Virginia

New Hampshire - John Langdon, Nicholas Gilman

Massachusetts - Nathaniel Gorham, Rufus King

Connecticut - Wm Saml Johnson, Roger Sherman

New York - Alexander Hamilton

New Jersey - Wil Livingston, David Brearley, Wm Paterson, Jona. Dayton

Pensylvania - B Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robt Morris, Geo. Clymer, Thos FitzSimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouv Morris

Delaware - Geo. Read, Gunning Bedford jun, John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Jaco. Broom

Maryland - James McHenry, Dan of St Tho Jenifer, Danl Carroll

Virginia - John Blair, James Madison Jr.

North Carolina - Wm Blount, Richd Dobbs Spaight, Hu Williamson

South Carolina - J. Rutledge, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Charles Pinckney, Pierce Butler

Georgia - William Few, Abr Baldwin

Attest: William Jackson, Secretary


The Amendments Note

The following are the Amendments to the Constitution. The first ten Amendments collectively are commonly known as the Bill of Rights. History


Amendment 1 - Freedom of Religion, Press, Expression. Ratified 12/15/1791. Note

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.


Amendment 2 - Right to Bear Arms. Ratified 12/15/1791. Note

A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.


Amendment 3 - Quartering of Soldiers. Ratified 12/15/1791. Note

No Soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the Owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.


Amendment 4 - Search and Seizure. Ratified 12/15/1791.

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.


Amendment 5 - Trial and Punishment, Compensation for Takings. Ratified 12/15/1791.

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a Grand Jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the Militia, when in actual service in time of War or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.


Amendment 6 - Right to Speedy Trial, Confrontation of Witnesses. Ratified 12/15/1791.

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the Assistance of Counsel for his defence.


Amendment 7 - Trial by Jury in Civil Cases. Ratified 12/15/1791.

In Suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.


Amendment 8 - Cruel and Unusual Punishment. Ratified 12/15/1791.

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.


Amendment 9 - Construction of Constitution. Ratified 12/15/1791.

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.


Amendment 10 - Powers of the States and People. Ratified 12/15/1791. Note

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people.


Amendment 11 - Judicial Limits. Ratified 2/7/1795. Note History

The Judicial power of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity, commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by Citizens of another State, or by Citizens or Subjects of any Foreign State.


Amendment 12 - Choosing the President, Vice-President. Ratified 6/15/1804. Note History The Electoral College

The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and Vice-President, one of whom, at least, shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves; they shall name in their ballots the person voted for as President, and in distinct ballots the person voted for as Vice-President, and they shall make distinct lists of all persons voted for as President, and of all persons voted for as Vice-President and of the number of votes for each, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the President of the Senate;

The President of the Senate shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted;

The person having the greatest Number of votes for President, shall be the President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed; and if no person have such majority, then from the persons having the highest numbers not exceeding three on the list of those voted for as President, the House of Representatives shall choose immediately, by ballot, the President. But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. And if the House of Representatives shall not choose a President whenever the right of choice shall devolve upon them, before the fourth day of March next following, then the Vice-President shall act as President, as in the case of the death or other constitutional disability of the President.

The person having the greatest number of votes as Vice-President, shall be the Vice-President, if such number be a majority of the whole number of Electors appointed, and if no person have a majority, then from the two highest numbers on the list, the Senate shall choose the Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two-thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.


Amendment 13 - Slavery Abolished. Ratified 12/6/1865. History

1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.

2. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Amendment 14 - Citizenship Rights. Ratified 7/9/1868. Note History

1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.

2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.

3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.

4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.

5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article.


Amendment 15 - Race No Bar to Vote. Ratified 2/3/1870. History

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Amendment 16 - Status of Income Tax Clarified. Ratified 2/3/1913. Note History

The Congress shall have power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.


Amendment 17 - Senators Elected by Popular Vote. Ratified 4/8/1913. History

The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures.

When vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct.

This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.


Amendment 18 - Liquor Abolished. Ratified 1/16/1919. Repealed by Amendment 21, 12/5/1933. History

1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject to the jurisdiction thereof for beverage purposes is hereby prohibited.

2. The Congress and the several States shall have concurrent power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

3. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.


Amendment 19 - Women's Suffrage. Ratified 8/18/1920. History

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Amendment 20 - Presidential, Congressional Terms. Ratified 1/23/1933. History

1. The terms of the President and Vice President shall end at noon on the 20th day of January, and the terms of Senators and Representatives at noon on the 3d day of January, of the years in which such terms would have ended if this article had not been ratified; and the terms of their successors shall then begin.

2. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and such meeting shall begin at noon on the 3d day of January, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

3. If, at the time fixed for the beginning of the term of the President, the President elect shall have died, the Vice President elect shall become President. If a President shall not have been chosen before the time fixed for the beginning of his term, or if the President elect shall have failed to qualify, then the Vice President elect shall act as President until a President shall have qualified; and the Congress may by law provide for the case wherein neither a President elect nor a Vice President elect shall have qualified, declaring who shall then act as President, or the manner in which one who is to act shall be selected, and such person shall act accordingly until a President or Vice President shall have qualified.

4. The Congress may by law provide for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the House of Representatives may choose a President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them, and for the case of the death of any of the persons from whom the Senate may choose a Vice President whenever the right of choice shall have devolved upon them.

5. Sections 1 and 2 shall take effect on the 15th day of October following the ratification of this article.

6. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission.


Amendment 21 - Amendment 18 Repealed. Ratified 12/5/1933. History

1. The eighteenth article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States is hereby repealed.

2. The transportation or importation into any State, Territory, or possession of the United States for delivery or use therein of intoxicating liquors, in violation of the laws thereof, is hereby prohibited.

3. The article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by conventions in the several States, as provided in the Constitution, within seven years from the date of the submission hereof to the States by the Congress.


Amendment 22 - Presidential Term Limits. Ratified 2/27/1951. History

1. No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice, and no person who has held the office of President, or acted as President, for more than two years of a term to which some other person was elected President shall be elected to the office of the President more than once. But this Article shall not apply to any person holding the office of President, when this Article was proposed by the Congress, and shall not prevent any person who may be holding the office of President, or acting as President, during the term within which this Article becomes operative from holding the office of President or acting as President during the remainder of such term.

2. This article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified as an amendment to the Constitution by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several States within seven years from the date of its submission to the States by the Congress.


Amendment 23 - Presidential Vote for District of Columbia. Ratified 3/29/1961. History

1. The District constituting the seat of Government of the United States shall appoint in such manner as the Congress may direct: A number of electors of President and Vice President equal to the whole number of Senators and Representatives in Congress to which the District would be entitled if it were a State, but in no event more than the least populous State; they shall be in addition to those appointed by the States, but they shall be considered, for the purposes of the election of President and Vice President, to be electors appointed by a State; and they shall meet in the District and perform such duties as provided by the twelfth article of amendment.

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Amendment 24 - Poll Tax Barred. Ratified 1/23/1964. History

1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote in any primary or other election for President or Vice President, for electors for President or Vice President, or for Senator or Representative in Congress, shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any State by reason of failure to pay any poll tax or other tax.

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Amendment 25 - Presidential Disability and Succession. Ratified 2/10/1967. Note History

1. In case of the removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become President.

2. Whenever there is a vacancy in the office of the Vice President, the President shall nominate a Vice President who shall take office upon confirmation by a majority vote of both Houses of Congress.

3. Whenever the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that he is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, and until he transmits to them a written declaration to the contrary, such powers and duties shall be discharged by the Vice President as Acting President.

4. Whenever the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive departments or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall immediately assume the powers and duties of the office as Acting President.

Thereafter, when the President transmits to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives his written declaration that no inability exists, he shall resume the powers and duties of his office unless the Vice President and a majority of either the principal officers of the executive department or of such other body as Congress may by law provide, transmit within four days to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives their written declaration that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office. Thereupon Congress shall decide the issue, assembling within forty eight hours for that purpose if not in session. If the Congress, within twenty one days after receipt of the latter written declaration, or, if Congress is not in session, within twenty one days after Congress is required to assemble, determines by two thirds vote of both Houses that the President is unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office, the Vice President shall continue to discharge the same as Acting President; otherwise, the President shall resume the powers and duties of his office.


Amendment 26 - Voting Age Set to 18 Years. Ratified 7/1/1971. History

1. The right of citizens of the United States, who are eighteen years of age or older, to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of age.

2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.


Amendment 27 - Limiting Congressional Pay Increases. Ratified 5/7/1992. History

No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened.

Blog Archive

Oregon Preppers Network Est. Jan 17, 2009 All contributed articles owned and protected by their respective authors and protected by their copyright. Oregon Preppers Network is a trademark protected by American Preppers Network Inc. All rights reserved. No content or articles may be reproduced without explicit written permission.